Kanagawa Prefecture Basic Environment Plan (Summary)

Kanagawa Prefecture Basic Environment Plan, based on the Kanagawa Prefecture Basic Environment Ordinance, was enacted in March 1997. This Plan is a guide for the partnership of citizens, industry and government to create an Environment Conservation Oriented Community Kanagawa, with policy development based on "Initiative, Cooperation and Participation".

1. Qualitative changes in environmental problems

Evolution of environment problems Characteristics of environmental problems Notable laws, regulations, etc.
before and during World War ll
  • Health and environmental damage of local neighborhoods by specific factories and business establishments and destruction of the natura environment due to developments.
    E.g.- Health deterioration and stains on laundry due to smoke and soot, large die-off of fish due to industrial effluent, etc.
  • Factory Control Regulation (1916)
  • Law for Preservation of Historic and Scenic Sites and Natural Monuments (1919)
after World War ll and during the rapid economic expansion
  • Health and environmental damage over wide areas due to specific numerous factories and businesses, and natura environmental destruction in these areas by over-development.
    E.g.- Asthma mainly in the Keihin Industrial Belt,i.e., Yokohama and Kawasaki, pollution of rivers and seas due to factory wastes, loss of greenery and historic landscapes as a result of development.
  • Kanagawa Prefecture Enterprise Pollution Control Ordinance (1951)
  • Establishment of the Kanagawa Land Use Committee (1957)
  • Kawasaki City Pollution Control Ordinance (1960)
  • Law concerning Special Measures for the Preservation of Historical Features in Ancient Cities (1966)
  • Basic Law for Environmental Pollution Control (1970)
  • Basic ordinance for Securing a Good Environment (1971)
  • Kanagawa Prefectural Office for Environmental Pollution Countermeasures (1971)
  • Establishment of the Environment Agency (1971)
  • Nature Conservation Ordinance (1972)
  • Emergence of environmental deterioration in wide area caused by business activities and our daily lifestyle; and deterioration of the global environment. (Environmental problems expand both in space and time.)
  • General concern for problems increases as personal issues is weak due to complex cause-effect relationships, and separation of beneficiaries and victims.
  • E.g- automobile traffic pollution, urban domestic pollution such as pollution of rivers and seas by domestic waste water, global environmental problems such as depletion of the ozone layer and global warming, fear of environmental contamination by chemical substances, and loss of nearby greenery due to development.
  • Kanagawa Prefectural Ordinance on Environmental
    Impact assessment (1980)
  • World Commission on Environmet and Development (Brundtland Commission) Report "Our Common Future" proposes "Sustainable Development" (1987)
  • United Nations conference on Environment and Development (Earth Summit, 1992)
  • Law for the Conservation of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (1992)
  • The Basic Environment Law (1993)
  • The Law for Promotion of Stored Collection and Recycling of Containers and Packing (1995)
  • Kanagawa Prefecture Basic Environment Ordinance (1996)
  • Kanagawa Prefectural Ordinance on Conservation of Living Environment (1998)

2. Significance of the Basic Environment Plan for Kanagawa Prefecture

  1. As a major source of environment impact
Aggressive effort from all sectors is required to solve today's environmental problems. Kanagawa accounts for as much as 1% of the global Gross Domestic Products (GDP), and cannot deny responsibility for damage to the global environment.
The basic Environment Plan for Kanagawa is needed, as it is a region that has a considerable impact on the environment.
  1. As a body responsible to show direction for producing of a desirable local environment
In order to realize an Environment Conservation Oriented Community Kanagawa, a vision for the Prefecture is needed.
The Basic Environment Plan is needed to show leadership and direction for environmental conservation and creation.
  1. As a large local government
The Basic Environment Plan provided by the national Government suggests schemes and gives guidance to deal with environmental problems as an entire nation. Municipal governments are demonstrating management of the local environment through detailed local approaches matching the characteristics of each area.
The Basic Environment Plan for Kanagawa Prefecture is needed to deal with environmental problems transcending municipal boundaries and affecting multiple prefectures.

3. Desired environmental and social conditions

  1. The 3 Desired Environmental Conditions
    In oreder to have "an environment where human productive work and lifestyles are sustainable and a healthy ecosystem is preserves", the following three conditions must be met:
  1. Threats to human health should be avoided (for "securing survival and basic living needs")
  2. The cleaning anf regenerating capacities of nature should function fully and the health of ecosystems maintained (for "conservation of natural environment and global environment").
  3. More pleasant surroundings should be made for human beings (for "creation of pleasant environment")

A socity in which we can achieve the vision for the environment

A socity where the human activities are kept within the limits of nature's capacity to restore itself
A socity with high environmental awareness, and with low environmental impact of lifestyles and buseiness activities A socity where awareness is developed through environmental education, etc. Learning/Awareness
A socity which uses scientific knowledge to minimize environmental impact of activities Science/Activity
A socity based on partnership A socity with a system collect and provide environmental information Environmental information
A socity with environmental cnsevation based on participation and cooperation Participation/Cooperation
A socity that has exchanges between domestic and international local governments Local government exchanges
A socity where environmental management is extensive Wide-area environment

4. Direction of environmental policies

Environment Conservation Oriented Community Kanagawa
Building an ideal environment(Vision for Environment)
-Creating a safe and plesant local environment (creating the local environment) -Environmental conservation by a socity of "global citizens" (creating the global environment)
Building an ideal socity (Vision for Socity)
-Formation and action based on environmental awareness (creating awareness) -Formation and establishment of partnership initiatives (creating systems)
"Initiative, Cooperation and Participation " -oriented envirinmental Policies